L'Orthodontie Française


Oral and periodontal hygiene in orthodontic patients Volume 89, issue 2, Juin 2018

1 Hôpital de la Timone AP-HM, Pôle Odontologie, 264 rue Saint-Pierre, 13385Marseille, France
2 UFR d’Odontologie, Aix-Marseille Université, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385Marseille, France
* Auteur pour correspondance : drangelineantezack@orange.fr

Introduction: Orthodontic appliances promote dental plaque retention and make tooth-brushing less easy. They result in both quantitative and qualitative changes in dental plaque, exposing orthodontic patients to dental caries and periodontal diseases. Materials and Methods: The authors explain the effects of orthodontic treatments on dental plaque and the occurrence of dental and periodontal problems; they emphasize the role of pathogenic bacteria and highlight the need for efficient (both individual and professional) control of dental plaque. Discussion: Therefore, orthodontists have to educate their patients on oral and periodontal hygiene in order to control this bacterial factor and to avoid the occurrence of dental and/or periodontal complications.