L'Orthodontie Française


How to recognize and distinguish dental structural anomalies? Volume 94, issue 3-4, Septembre-Décembre 2023


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Service d’Odontologie Pédiatrique et CCMR O-Rares, CHRU Brabois, rue du Morvan, 54500 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France
Faculté d’Odontologie, Département d’Odontologie Pédiatrique, Université de Lorraine, 7 avenue de la forêt de Haye, 54500 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France
Correspondance : magali.hernandez@univ-lorraine.fr


The precise diagnosis of dental structural anomalies is an essential step preceding our restorative and orthodontic therapies. Indeed, first of all, it is necessary to identify the type of structural anomaly and to determine if it is an isolated or a syndromic form: the dental anomaly could be included in a more complex clinical picture combining other clinical signs. Moreover, the establishment of the diagnosis will allow the practitioner to adapt his clinical protocol according to the observed dental structure anomaly. The choice of the bonding material, the type of preparation (no prep, prep less, complete eviction), and the application of a deproteinization protocol with sodium hypochlorite depend to the structural defect.

Material and Method

The diagnosis of dental structural anomalies is based on several key points described in this article in order to facilitate the practitioner’s diagnostic approach.


The diagnosis of amelogenesis or dentinogenesis imperfecta should justify the search for other signs to determine whether the anomaly of tooth structure is isolated or syndromic.