The objective of this article is to review various
unsightly periodontal defects and the treatments that have previously been
used to eliminate them in order to establish guidelines for future therapy.
The inter-relationship between orthodontic and periodontal disciplines
is well established and needs no defense here. Periodontal tissues
change throughout life and the same is true for the smile. The periodontium
is an essential component of the appearance of the face as well
as the lips. These are dynamic esthetic criteria while the gingiva
and the static character of the dentition also contribute to the
character of an individual’s smile. In order to conduct orthodontic
therapy most effectively it is essential that orthodontists and
periodontists utilize a coordinated approach. From the beginning,
they must establish an etiological diagnosis of any esthetic defects
that will insure that their joint therapy is conducted appropriately
and at the proper moment.