John Libbey Eurotext

Myoclonic encephalopathy caused by chronic bismuth abuse (Published with video sequence.) Volume 4, numéro 4, December 2002


  • Myoclonic encephalpathy caused by chronic bismuth-abuse


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Interdisciplinary Epilepsy-Centre, Department of Neurology, Philipps University Marburg, 35039 Marburg, Germany.
  • Page(s) : 229-33
  • Année de parution : 2003

Introduction Bismuth (Bi) is a heavy metal ion with bactericidal properties used for the treatment of Helicobacter pylorii gastritis and other gastrointestinal disorders. In Germany, Bi salts are sold without prescription. Chronic Bi abuse can lead to renal failure or encephalopathy, which clinically presents with dysarthria, ataxia or myoclonus and cognitive deterioration and can be lethal [1, 2, 3]. In the 70s, epidemics of Bi-induced [...]