Department of Neurology, The Second Xiang Ya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, P.R. China
Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Xiang Ya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, P.R. China
Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Xiang Ya Hospital of Central South University, No. 139 Renmin Road, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, P.R. China
Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease with recurrent seizures. Autophagy plays a crucial role in the progression of epilepsy. This study aimed to explore the function and intrinsic mechanism of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) UCA1/miR-132-3p/ATG16L1 axis in epilepsy via regulation of autophagy.
The expression of lncRNA UCA1, miR-132-3p and ATG16L1 was measured in serum from epileptic patients by quantitative RT-PCR. A SH-SY5Y cell model was further constructed using retinoic acid to investigate the UCA1/miR-132-3p/ATG16L1 axis by quantitative RT-PCR, western blotting, fluorescence in situ hybridisation, RNA immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay.
In the serum of epileptic patients, the level of lncRNA UCA1 and ATG16L1 was reduced and miR-132-3p elevated, compared to controls. Similarly, in the SH-SY5Y cell model, the level of lncRNA UCA1 and ATG16L1 was reduced and miR-132-3p elevated in retinoic acid-treated cells; lncRNA UCA1 was mainly located in the cytoplasm. lncRNA UCA1 overexpression was shown to promote autophagic gene expression, which was reversed by miR-132-3p overexpression. Moreover, autophagic gene expression induced by miR-132-3p knockdown was reversed by ATG16L1 knockdown. Based on precipitation assays, lncRNA UCA1 and miR-132-3p were shown to form a complex with the transcription factor, EZH2, and miR-132-3p was shown to interact with ATG16L1 based on a luciferase assay. Finally, lncRNA UCA1 was shown to negatively regulate miR-132-3p expression, and miR-132-3p was shown to negatively regulate ATG16L1.
In this cell model, lncRNA UCA1 promotes autophagic gene expression via epigenetic regulation mediated by ATG16L1 and miR-132-3p.