Unité des Virus Émergents (UVE), Aix-Marseille University, IRD 190, Inserm 1207, IHU Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France
Institut Pasteur, Département de Virologie, Arbovirus et Insectes Vecteurs, Paris, France
Arboviruses (arthropod-borne viruses) are viruses of humans and/or animals transmitted by hematophagous arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, blackflies, sandflies, horseflies, culicoides, etc.) from an animal reservoir or infected individual.
They are a heterogeneous set of viruses – mostly RNA-enveloped – belonging to different families and genera. There are more than 550 arboviruses, of which about 100 are pathogenic to humans and nearly 40 cause identified animal diseases [...]