Department of Dermatology, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo,
Department of Dermatology, Sanno Hospital, Tokyo,
Department of Dermatology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan.
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by scaly erythema spreading over the body. Scalp psoriasis is often refractory to treatment and significantly impairs patients’ quality of life. While a variety of treatments are available for psoriasis, experience with these treatments for haemodialysis patients is fairly limited. Apremilast, an oral phosphodiesterase (PDE)-4 inhibitor, became available for the treatment of psoriasis in Japan in 2017, and there are a couple of reports [...]