L’Oréal Research and Innovation, Aulnay-sous-Bois, France
In mammals, desynchronized circadian rhythm leads to various biological symptoms. In skin and hair, human epidermal stem cell function in vitro is regulated by circadian oscillations, and thus contributes to tissue aging when deregulated. In mice, circadian arrhythmia of hair follicle stem cells contributes to age-related hair follicle cycling defects. Despite the well-described impact of circadian oscillations through a feedback loop involving the clock pathway on hair and skin stem cell function in vitro, little is known about the change in characteristics or regenerative properties of hHF (human hair follicle keratinocytes), hEpi (human interfollicular epidermal keratinocytes), and hHFDP (hair follicle dermal papilla stem cells) after long-term alteration of circadian rhythm in vivo.