Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, NA, 80138, Italy
Department of Mental Health and Physics and Preventive Medicine, Unit of Dermatology, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, NA, 80100, Italy
Malassezia spp. are lipophilic yeasts implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic skin diseases. Repeated therapies are often necessary due to the recurrence of this type of disease. Recently, laser and light-based devices used for the treatment of some skin diseases have shown good efficacy, few contraindications, and minimal side effects. The neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Q-switched Nd:YAG) laser is one of the most commonly used lasers in dermatology.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (Medlite C6 laser, Conbio, USA) on the pathogenic mechanisms of M. furfur during skin infections.
Materials & Methods
Following laser exposure, the ability of M. furfur to retain phospholipase activity, upregulate the aryl receptor and its associated pathway, and stimulate the immune response were tested.
The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser was shown to attenuate the virulence of M. furfur.
The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser should be considered as a valid therapeutic alternative for the treatment of Malassezia-associated infections.