Epileptic Disorders


Cryptogenic new-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) following blood transfusion in a patient with severe anemia Volume 23, numéro 2, April 2021

  • [1] Hirsch L.J., Gaspard N., van Baalen A., Nabbout R., Demeret S., Loddenkemper T. Proposed consensus definitions for new-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE), febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES), and related conditions. Epilepsia. 2018;59:739-744. 4
  • [2] Gaspard N., Foreman B.P., Alvarez V., Cabrera Kang C., Probasco J.C., Jongeling A.C. New-onset refractory status epilepticus: etiology, clinical features, and outcome. Neurology. 2015;85:1604-1613.
  • [3] Gofton T.E., Gaspard N., Hocker S.E., Loddenkemper T., Hirsch L.J. New onset refractory status epilepticus research: What is on the horizon? Neurology. 2019;92:802-810. 17
  • [4] Ito Y., Niwa H., Iida T., Nagamatsu M., Yasuda T., Yanagi T. Post-transfusion reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome with cerebral vasoconstriction. Neurology. 1997;49:1174-1175.
  • [5] Huang Y.C., Tsai P.L., Yeh J.H., Chen W.H. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome caused by blood transfusion: a case report. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2008;17:258-262.
  • [6] Boughammoura A., Touze E., Oppenheim C., Trystram D., Mas J.L. Reversible angiopathy and encephalopathy after blood transfusion. J Neurol. 2003;250:116-118.
  • [7] Dou Y.H., Fuh J.L., Chen S.P., Wang S.J. Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome after blood transfusion. Headache. 2014;54:736-744.
  • [8] Singh K., Gupta R., Kamal H., Silvestri N.J., Wolfe G.I. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome secondary to blood transfusion. J Clin Neurosci. 2015;22:592-594.
  • [9] Zhao Z.Y., He F., Gao P.H., Bi J.Z. Blood transfusion-related posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. J Neurol Sci. 2014;342:124-126. 1-2
  • [10] Liang H., Xu Z., Zheng Z., Lou H., Yue W. Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome following red blood cells transfusion: a case series of 7 patients. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2015;10:47.
  • [11] Bartynski W.S. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, part 2: controversies surrounding pathophysiology of vasogenic edema. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008;29:1043-1049.
  • [12] Pawloski J.R., Stamler J.S. Nitric oxide in RBCs. Transfusion. 2002;42:1603-1609.
  • [13] Yoshida T., Prudent M., D’alessandro A. Red blood cell storage lesion: causes and potential clinical consequences. J Blood Transfus. 2019;17:27-52. 1