Department of Nutritional Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Faculty of Clinical Pharmaceutical Science, Division of Pharmaceutical Science, Josai International University, Togane-shi, Chiba, School of Food and Nutritional Science, The University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka, Japan
We investigated the influence of Mg feeding frequency on the variation in serum Mg concentration and tissue Mg levels in Mg-deficient rats. Sprague-Dawley rats, which had been fed a Mg-deficient diet for 14 d, were divided into 3 groups that were kept on 3 diets differing in their Mg content. The rats were fed 0.5-fold (Mg250 group), 1-fold (Mg500 group), or 1.5-fold (Mg750 group) the amounts of recommended Mg in their standard AIN-93G diet (Mg: 478 mg/kg diet) during the recovery period (12 d). The Mg500 and Mg750 groups were intermittently fed (Mg500, every 2 d; Mg750, every 3 d) so that their total intake of Mg during the recovery period could equal the Mg intake of the Mg250 group. The serum Mg concentrations increased in the 3 groups after feeding with a Mg-containing diet. However, serum Mg levels were only maintained within the normal range in the Mg250 group. After feeding on the Mg-deficient diet, in the intermittently fed groups, serum Mg concentrations decreased. Urinary Mg excretion was higher and Mg retention was lower in the Mg500 and Mg750 groups than in the Mg250 group. Moreover, bone Mg, especially elutable bone Mg, was lower in the Mg500 and Mg750 groups than in the Mg250 group. The elutable fraction of bone Mg correlated to the coefficient of variation of serum Mg concentration. In conclusion, for the maintenance of serum Mg concentration, it is important to increase the amount of elutable bone Mg by frequent Mg consumption.