John Libbey Eurotext

European Journal of Dermatology


Granulomatous reaction to permanent eyebrow makeup successfully treated with topical steroids in combination with topical tacrolimus Volume 27, numéro 6, November-December 2017


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1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Kobe University Hospital, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan
2 Gene Expression and Regulation Program, The Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA
3 Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Related, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan
4 Department of Pulmonology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa, Yokohama, Japan
5 Division of Dermatology, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 1-12-1 Fukumuro, Miyagino-ku, Sendai, Japan

Permanent eyebrow makeup (PEMU) is a cosmetic tattoo involving intradermal injection of colourants by piercing the skin with needles, as for traditional tattoos [1, 2]. Although PEMU can cause several adverse reactions, similar to traditional tattoos, the risks are not fully known. Morales-Callaghan [3] reported that 3-8% of the general population has some type of traditional tattoo. Incel [4] reported that 2.1% of traditional tattoos are associated with adverse reactions. PEMU, mistakenly considered [...]