John Libbey Eurotext

Magnesium Research


Update on the relationship between magnesium and exercise Volume 19, numéro 3, September 2006

1 McDonald R, Keen CL. Iron, zinc and magnesium nutrition and athletic performance. Sports Med 1988; 5: 171-84.

2 Rayssiguier Y, Guezennec CY, Durlach J. New experimental and clinical data on the relationship between magnesium and sport. Magnes Res 1990; 3: 93-102.

3 Golf SW. Biochemistry of magnesium in man. In: Golf S, Dralle D, Vecchiet L, eds. Magnesium 1993. London: John Libbey, Company, 1994: 31-41.

4 Golf SW, Böhmer D, Nowacki PE. Is magnesium a limiting factor in competitive exercise? A summary of relevant scientific data. In: Golf S, Dralle D, Vecchiet L, eds. Magnesium 1993. London: John Libbey, Company, 1994: 209-19.

5 Dreosti IE. Magnesium status and health. Nutr Rev 1995; 53: S23-S27.

6 Laires MJ, Monteiro CP. Magnesium and physical exercise. In: Smetana R, ed. Advances in Magnesium Research: Magnesium in Cardiology: Proceedings of the 5th European Congress on Magnesium 1997: 325-31.

7 Newhouse IJ, Finstad EW. The effects of magnesium supplementation on exercise performance. Clin J Sport Med 2000; 10: 195-200.

8 Lukaski HC. Magnesium, zinc, and chromium nutriture and physical activity. Am J Clin Nutr 2000; 72(Suppl): 585S-593S.

9 Laires MJ, Monteiro C. Magnesium Status: Influence on the regulation of exercise-induced oxidative stress and immune function in athletes. In: Rayssiguier Y, Mazur A, Durlach J, eds. Advances in Magnesium Research: Nutrition and Health. London: John Libbey, Company, 2001: 433-41.

10 Lukaski HC. Magnesium, zinc, and chromium nutrition and athletic performance. Can J Appl Physiol 2001; 26(Suppl): S13-S22.

11 Bohl CH, Volpe SL. Magnesium and exercise. Grit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2002; 42: 533-63.

12 Lukaski HC. Vitamin and mineral status: effects on physical performance. Nutrition 2004; 20: 632-44.

13 Liu L, Borowski G, Rose LI. Hypomagnesemia in a tennis player. Phys Sportsmed 1983; 11: 79-80.

14 Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Magnesium. In: Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington: DC: National Academies Press, 1997: 190-249.

15 Seelig MS. Magnesium requirements in human nutrition. Magnesium-Bull 1981; 3: 26-47.

16 Durlach J. Recommended dietary amounts of magnesium: Mg RDA. Magnes Res 1989; 2: 195-203.

17 Lakshmanan FL, Rao RB, Kim WW, Kelsay JL. Magnesium intakes, balances, and blood levels of adults consuming self-selected diets. Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40: 1380-9.

18 Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization. Magnesium. In: Human Vitamin and Mineral Requirements, Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation, Bangkok, Thailand. Geneva: FAO/WHO, 2002: 223-33.

19 Milne DB, Nielsen FH. The interaction between dietary fructose and magnesium adversely affects macromineral homeostasis in men. J Am Coll Nutr 2000; 19: 31-7.

20 Lukaski HC, Nielsen FH. Dietary magnesium depletion affects metabolic responses during submaximal exercise in postmenopausal women. J Nutr 2002; 132: 930-5.

21 Moshfegh A, Goldman J, Cleveland L. What we eat in America, NHANES 2001-2002: Usual nutrient intakes from food compared to dietary reference intakes. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 2005.

22 SUVIMax. Apports Nutritionnels pour la Population Française, 3rd edition. Paris: Ambroise Martin Tec Doc, 1998.

23 Beitz R, Mensink GBM, Henschel Y, Fischer B, Erbersdobler HF. Dietary behavior of German adults differing in levels of sport activity. Pub Health Nutr 2004; 7: 45-52.

24 Stendig-Lindberg G, Shapiro Y, Tepperberg M, Moran D. Not only strenuous but also sustained moderate physical effort causes magnesium deficiency. Trace Elem Electroly 1999; 16: 156-61.

25 Meludu SC, Nishimuta M, Yoshitake Y, Toyooka F, Kodama N, Kim CS, Maekawa Y, Fukuoka H. Magnesium homeostasis before and after high intensity (anaerobic) exercise. In: Rayssiguier Y, Mazur A, Durlach J, eds. Advance in Magnesium Research: Nutrition and Health. London: John Libbey Company, 2001: 443-6.

26 Stendig-Lindberg G, Shapira Y, Graffe E, Schoenberger E, Wacker WE. Delayed metabolic changes after strenuous exertion in trained young men. Magnes Res 1989; 2: 211-8.

27 Buchman AL, Keen C, Commisso J, Killip D, Ou CN, Rognerud CL, Dennis K, Dunn JK. The effect of a marathon run on plasma and urine mineral and metal concentrations. J Am Coll Nutr 1998; 17: 124-7.

28 Kawabe N, Suzuki M, Machida K, Shiota M. Magnesium metabolism after a full-marathon race. Jap J Phys Fitness Sports Med 1998; 47: 221-30.

29 Westmoreland D, Porta S, Bacher H, Knapp M, Spencer K, Merback J, Leitner T. The effect of magnesium supplementation on exercise-induced plasma magnesium shifts and lactic acid accumulation in female youths. Trace Elem Electro 2004; 21: 95-8.

30 Lukaski HC, Bolonchuk WW, Klevay LM, Milne DB, Sandstead HH. Changes in plasma zinc content after exercise in men fed a low-zinc diet. Am J Physiol 1984; 247: E88-E93.

31 Stendig-Lindberg G, Wacker WE, Shapiro Y. Long-term effects of peak strenuous effort on serum magnesium, lipids and blood sugar in apparently healthy young men. Magnes Res 1991; 4: 59-65.

32 Klevay LM, Milne DB. Low dietary magnesium increases supraventricular ectopy. Am J Clin Nutr 2002; 75: 550-4.

33 Nielsen FH, Milne DB, Klevay LM, Gallagher S, Johnson L. Dietary magnesium deficiency induces heart rhythm changes, impairs glucose tolerance, and decreases serum cholesterol in post menopausal women. J Am Coll Nutr 2006; (in press).

34 Lijnen P, Hespel P, Fagard R, Lysens R, Vanden Eynde E, Amery A. Erythrocyte, plasma and urinary magnesium in men before and after a marathon. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1988; 58: 252-6.

35 Mooren FC, Golf SW, Lechtermann A, Völker K. Alterations of ionized Mg2+ in human blood after exercise. Life Sci 2005; 77: 1211-25.

36 Lowney P, Stern JS, Gershwin ME, Keen CL. Magnesium deficiency and blood 2,3-diphosphoglycerate concentrations in sedentary and exercised male Osborne-Mendel rats. Metab 1990; 39: 837-41.

37 Costill DL. Sweating: its composition and effect on body fluids. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1977; 301: 160-70.

38 Madsen K, Pedersen PK, Djurhuus MS, Klitgaard NA. Effects of detraining on endurance capacity and metabolic changes during prolonged exhaustive exercise. J Appl Physiol 1993; 75: 1444-51.

39 Córdova A, Escanero JF, Gimenez M. Magnesium distribution in rats after maximal exercise in air and under hypoxic conditions. Magnes Res 1992; 5: 23-7.

40 Czerwinska D, Roszkowski W. Magnesium metabolism in growing rats subjected to physical training. Biol Sport 1998; 15: 179-85.

41 Resina A, Gatteschi L, Rubenni MG, Galvan P, Parise G, Tjouroudis N, Viroli L. Changes in serum and erythrocyte magnesium after training and physical exercise. In: Vecchiet L, ed. Magnesium and Physical Activity. London: Parthenon Publishing, 1995: 199-210.

42 Consolazio C. Excretion of sodium, potassium, magnesium, and iron in human sweat and the relation of each to balance requirements. J Nutr 1963; 79: 407-15.

43 Beller GA, Maher JT, Hartley LH, Bass DE, Wacker WE. Changes in serum and sweat magnesium levels during work in the heat. Aviat Space Environ Med 1975; 46: 709-12.

44 Shirreffs SM, Maughan RJ. Whole body sweat collection in humans: an improved method with preliminary data on electrolyte content. J Appl Physiol 1997; 82: 336-41.

45 Monteiro CP, Santa Clara H, Raposo MF, Goncalves A, Limão F, Laires MJ, Rayssiguier Y, Mazur A, Coudray C, Gueux E, Feillet Coudray C, Bicho M. Effect of exercise intensity and training on magnesium status. Magnes Res 2004; 17: 231.

46 Vlček J, Štemberk V, Koupil P. Serum concentrations and urinary excretion of Mg, Zn and Cu during high-intensity exercise in healthy men. Trace Elem Med 1989; 6: 150-3.

47 Nuviala RJ, Lapieza MG, Bernal E. Magnesium, zinc, and copper status in women involved in different sports. Int J Sport Nutr 1999; 9: 295-309.

48 Hartmann U, Mader A, Bohnert KJ, Wagner J, Hollmann W. Magnesiumsubstitution bei Nachwuchs-Leistungsruderern: Ergebnisse einer kontrollierten Studie. Med Welt 1996; 47: 306-12.

49 Stephens TL, Potter GD, Gibbs PG, Hood DM. Mineral balance in juvenile horses in race training. J Equine Vet Sci 2004; 24: 438-50.

50 Deuster PA, Dolev E, Kyle SB, Anderson RA, Shoomaker EB. Magnesium homeostasis during high-intensity anaerobic exercise in men. J Appl Physiol 1987; 62: 545-50.

51 Dragani L, D’Aurelio A, Vecchiet L. Clinical, haematological and neurophysical evidence of muscle damage from magnesium deficiency in athletes: a case report. In: Golf S, Dralle D, Vecchiet L, eds. Magnesium 1993. London: John Libbey Company, 1993: 241-5.

52 Brilla LR, Haley TF. Effect of magnesium supplementation on strength training in humans. J Am Coll Nutr 1992; 11: 326-9.

53 Ripari P, Pieralisi G, Giamberardino MA, Resina A, Vecchiet L. Effects of magnesium pidolate on cardiorespiratory submaximal effort parameters. Magnes Res 1989; 2: 70-4.

54 Leal L, Gálvez M, Soria MS, Roda L, Villanueva J, Guerra M, Escanero JF. Urea and ammonia levels in serum after a cycloergometric test in athletes on Mg-supplementation. Magnes Res 2004; 17: 232.

55 Terblanche S, Noakes TD, Dennis SC, Marais D, Eckert M. Failure of magnesium supplementation to influence marathon running performance or recovery in magnesium-replete subjects. Int J Sports Nutr 1992; 2: 154-64.

56 Finstad EW, Newhouse IJ, Lukaski HC, McAuliffe JE, Stewart CR. The effects of magnesium supplementation on exercise performance. Med Sci Sports Exer 2001; 33: 493-8.

57 Nielsen FH, Milne DB. Some magnesium status indicators and oxidative metabolism responses to low-dietary magnesium are affected by dietary copper in postmenopausal women. Nutrition 2003; 19: 617-26.

58 Lukaski HC, Bolonchuk WW, Klevay LM, Milne DB, Sandstead HH. Maximal oxygen consumption as related to magnesium, copper, and zinc nutriture. Am J Clin Nutr 1983; 37: 407-15.

59 Heaton FW, Elie JP. Metabolic activity of liver mitochondria from magnesium-deficient rats. Magnesium 1984; 3: 21-8.

60 Nielsen FH. The alteration of magnesium, calcium and phosphorus metabolism by dietary magnesium deprivation in postmenopausal women is not affected by dietary boron deprivation. Magnes Res 2004; 17: 197-210.

61 Nielsen FH, Milne DB, Gallagher S, Johnson L, Hoverson B. Magnesium deprivation results in calcium retention in postmenopausal women. Magnes Res 2006; (submitted for publication).

62 Lowney P, Gershwin ME, Hurley LS, Stern JS, Keen CL. The effect of variable magnesium intake on potential factors influencing endurance capacity. Biol Trace Elem Res 1988; 16: 1-18.

63 Schroll A. Importance of magnesium for the electrolyte homeostasis – an overview. In: Smetana R, ed. Advances in Magnesium Research: Magnesium in Cardiology: Proceedings of the 5th European Congress on Magnesium. London: John Libbey Company 1998: 463-72.

64 Rock E, Astier C, Lab C, Vignon X, Gueux E, Motta C, Rayssiguier Y. Dietary Magnesium deficiency in rats enhances free radical production in skeletal muscle. J Nutr 1995; 125: 1205-10.

65 Weglicki WB, Mak IT, Dickens BF, Stafford RE, Komarov AM, Gibson B, Cassidy MM, Phillips TM, Kramer JH. Neuropeptides, free radical stress and antioxidants in models of Mg-deficient cardiomyopathy. In: Theophanide T, Anastassopoulou J, eds. Magnesium: Current Status and New Developments. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997: 169-78.

66 Kramer JH, Mak IT, Phillips TM, Weglicki WB. Dietary magnesium intake influences circulating pro-inflammatory neuropeptide levels and loss of myocardial tolerance to postischemic stress. Exp Biol Med 2003; 228: 665-73.

67 Lind H, Brudin L, Lindholm L, Edvinsson L. Different levels of sensory neuropeptides (calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P) during and after exercise in man. Clin Physiol 1996; 16: 73-82.

68 Konig D, Weinstock C, Keul J, Northoff H, Berg A. Zinc, iron and magnesium status in athletes – influence on the regulation of exercise-induced stress and immune function. Exer Immunol Rev 1998; 4: 2-21.

69 Occhi G, Gemma S, Busselli P, Miserocchi G. Effects of repeated endurance exercise on some metabolic parameters in cross-country skiers. J Sports Med Phys Fit 1987; 27: 184-90.

70 Mooren FC, Golf SW, Völker K. Effect of magnesium on granulocyte function and on the exercise induced inflammatory response. Magnes Res 2003; 16: 49-58.