Clinica de Epilepsia de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Correspondence: Arthur Cukiert
Epilepsy Surgery Program,
R Dr Alceu de Campos Rodrigues 247,
cj 121, CEP 04544-000,
São Paulo SP, Brazil
A female adult patient with extensive bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH), who was referred for bilateral hippocampal deep brain stimulation (Hip-DBS), was investigated. She presented with daily focal aware and impaired-awareness seizures with automatism and weekly generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Her EEG showed bilateral independent ictal and interictal neocortical temporal lobe discharges and her MRI showed extensive, symmetric PNH. She was treated with bilateral Hip-DBS which led to a major decrease in her seizure frequency (one seizure per trimester). The outcome was stable over three years, and there was no additional neuropsychological deficits or device-related adverse effects. This is the first reported patient to be undergo long-term continuous Hip-DBS to treat bilateral PNH. DBS, a non-lesional, reversible, neuromodulatory technique, may prove to be a good therapeutic option in patients with extensive bilateral epileptogenic networks who present with temporal lobe epilepsy and who are usually considered poor candidates for resective surgery.