John Libbey Eurotext

European Journal of Dermatology

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Dynamin-related protein 1 expression correlates with psoriasis disease severity and regulates keratinocyte function Volume 30, numéro 4, July-August 2020

Illustrations

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Tableaux

Auteurs
1 Phase I Clinical Trials Unit, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, China
2 Department of Pathology, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, China
3 Clinical Trial Center, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, China
4 The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, China
5 Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, China
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Background: The pathogenesis of psoriasis is still not fully understood. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) regulates mitochondrial fission and is implicated in various inflammatory conditions, but research regarding Drp1 in the skin is scarce. Objectives: To examine Drp1 expression in psoriasis vulgaris lesional skin and the effect of Drp1 expression on keratinocyte proliferation and inflammatory mediator release in vitro. Materials and Methods: Skin biopsies were collected, and the expression of Drp1 and TNF-α was investigated in the skin. Serum TNF-α level was also examined. The effect of Drp1 on keratinocyte proliferation and inflammatory mediator release was evaluated in HaCaT cells following Drp1 transfection. The effect of TNF-α on Drp1 expression was also studied in HaCaT cells. Results: Drp1 expression was significantly increased and positively correlated with PASI score and TNF-α expression in skin. In HaCaT cells, Drp1 transfection altered cellular ATP and proliferation, induced G2/M arrest, and affected inflammatory mediator (TNF-α, IL-6 and CXCL8) release. Moreover, TNF-α induced Drp1 expression and recovered cellular ATP content and mediator release. Conclusion: Drp1 is significantly elevated in psoriasis vulgaris skin and positively correlates with disease severity, moreover, in vitro, Drp1 regulates keratinocyte function.