JLE

Médecine de la Reproduction

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Overview of infertility prevalence in Europe: a global problem Volume 21, issue 3, Juillet-Août-Septembre 2019

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Author
Italian National ART Register (IARTR), National Health Institute, RomeItaly
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Across Europe the prevalence of infertility could be considered to be from 6.6% to 16.7%. In a quite recent estimation made by Fertility Europe and ESHRE in 2013, the portion of European citizens suffering from infertility was 25 million. One of the main contributor to infertility in Europe is advanced age of women and, partially also, of men at the time of desired conceiving. Other factors such as sexual transmitted diseases (STD), hormonal and genetic causes, lifestyle and environmental factors are involved. The development of assisted reproductive technologies in the last decades has been fundamental in the treatment of infertility and it certainly helps in the occurrence of a pregnancy but it cannot reverse the impact of advanced maternal age. Oocytes freezing techniques utilized in young women, could be useful to postpone motherhood but could not protect prospect mothers from the risks coming from advanced age pregnancies. In particular is important to raise awareness on the effect of age on women's fertility and ART efficacy not only to the public but also to obstetric and gynecologist specialists. Only strong and focused social interventions together with information campaign on fertility issues could try to reverse the low fertility rates present in our countries and to prevent unintended childlessness.

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