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Social representations and anthropo-cultural aspects of mental health in French Polynesia in the Survey on Mental Health in the General Population: Images and realities Volume 98, issue 7, Août-Septembre 2022

Figures

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Tables

Authors
1 Centre hospitalier universitaire de Martinique, Fort-de-France
2 Centre de prévention du suicide et association SOS Suicide, Tahiti, Polynésie française
3 Unité Inserm U1018, CESP, Paris, France
4 Maison des Sciences de l’Homme Pacifique (MSH-P, UPF), Tahiti, Polynésie française
5 Centre collaborateur de l’OMS, EPSM LILLE Métropole, Lille, France
6 Unité Inserm UMR 1123 – ECEVE, Paris, France
7 Centre Hospitalier de Polynésie française. Tahiti, Polynésie française
8 Université de Polynésie française (UPF), Tahiti, Polynésie française
9 Service universitaire de psychiatrie de l’enfant et de l’adolescent (SUPEA), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Lausanne, Suisse
10 Direction de la Santé Publique, Tahiti, Polynésie française
11 Centre hospitalier Spécialisé (CHS), Nouméa, Nouvelle Calédonie
12 Docteur en biologie et en anthropologie, Tahiti, Polynésie française
13 Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Amiens, France
Correspondance : S. Amadéo

Between 2015 and 2017, the Survey on Mental Health in the General Population explored the social representations and anthropo-cultural aspects of mental illness in French Polynesia. The survey was based on a representative sample of 968 people aged 18 and above. The etiology of mental health problems was considered by those surveyed as primarily physical. Addictive behaviors were thought to be the cause of mental illnesses for a quarter of those surveyed. The origin of depression was considered to be primarily sentimental or linked to a life event. Few people consider magical and religious causes (less than 0.5% of responses) to be the origin of mental health problems, but the use of traditional healing is more common (22%). The results were taken into account in French Polynesia’s national mental health plan.Key words: psychiatric pathology, suicide risk, mental health, risk factor, prevention, French Polynesia