Direction des risques chroniques
Unité impact sanitaire et exposition
Parc ALATA BP2
The 4éCOS project aims to characterize the air emissions of emerging organic compounds from non-hazardous waste recovery and treatment facilities grouped in a platform and to assess their influence on the environment and the health risks for surrounding populations.
Measurements were taken at different times to, first, identify which facilities the emissions came from, and, second, assess their influence on the environment and the health risk for the people living near the platform.
The results showed emissions of emerging organic compounds (bisphenol A, phthalates and PBDEs) from the recycling center for wastes from business activities and from the incinerator. However, little impact is observed on the environment, and influence from these emissions was observed only in air on the site perimeter when the wind blows and for only one PBDE (BDE 209). The results show no influence of phthalates and PBDEs on air, soil, or plants near the dwellings. The estimated health risks by inhalation and ingestion are minimal (less than 10-4 of the reference values).
This approach is useful for assessing the influence of a set of emissions in the environment. The conclusions regarding airborne emissions of emerging organic compounds, for which there is little documentation and no regulations, are, to some extent, transferable to other waste treatment plants with similar operating modes and equipment.