John Libbey Eurotext

Environnement, Risques & Santé

MENU

The LILAS project: analysis of applying participatory approaches such as Living Labs to research on multiple environmental exposures and chronic risks Volume 21, issue 2, March-April 2022

Authors
1 IRSN/PSE-SANTE/SESANE/LEPID
BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
2 IRSN/PSE-ENV/SRTE/LECO
13115 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
3 Société francophone de santé environnement
4, rue Marie-Andrée Lagroua Weill-Hallé
75205 Paris cedex 13, France
4 France nature environnement
2, rue du Dessous des berges
75013 Paris, France
5 INSERM UMRS 1124 - T3S
Faculté des Sciences Fondamentales et Biomédicales
Université de Paris
45, rue des Saints Pères
75006 Paris, France
6 Ineris
Parc technologique ALATA BP 2
60550 Verneuil en Halatte, France
7 Institut Ecocitoyen
Centre de vie, La Fossette
13270 Fos-sur-Mer, France
8 IRSN/PSE-ENV/SEREN
BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
9 CPIE des Pays de l’Aisne, pour l’UNCPIE
Merlieux-et-Fouquerolles, France
10 Université de Rennes, EHESP, Inserm, IRSET (Institut de recherche en santé, environnement et travail) - UMR_S 1085
9, avenue du Prof. Léon Bernard
35000 Rennes, France
11 Ademe
155 bis, avenue Pierre Brossolette
92120 Montrouge, France
12 Experte scientifique auprès de l’ANCCLI
L’Estradelle
11510 Treilles, France
13 IRSN/PSE-ENV/SRTE,
Cadarache, France
14 Université Montpellier, INRAE, Institut Agro,
UMR ITAP
INRAE Montpellier
361, rue Jean-François Breton
34196 Montpellier cedex 5 France
15 IRSN/PSE-SANTE/SESANE/LRTOX
BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
16 ALLISS
19, rue Clauzel
75009 Paris, France
17 IRSN/PSE-SANTE
BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
18 Université Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, UMR ECOSYS
Centre de Versailles-Grignon
Route de Saint-Cyr – RD 10
78026 Versailles cedex, France
19 INRAE, UMR 1331, TOXALIM, INRAE/ENVT/EI Purpan/UPS
3, cité du parc
31170 Tournefeuille, France
20 IRSN/DST/SP3In
BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
21 Ligue nationale contre le cancer
14, rue Corvisart
75013 Paris, France
22 IRSN/DRP
BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
23 Centre Inria de l’Université Côte d’Azur, Sophia-Antipolis /European Network of Living Labs – ENoLL, 6, avenue des Arts Bruxelles, Belgique
24 IRSN/DST/SPOS
BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
* Tirés à part

Context

Participatory research in environmental health remains rare in France. The objectives of environmental health research projects can, like their methods, be very diverse. Opportunities for greater involvement of civil society, as well as its challenges, differ at each step of such research activities. All these aspects need to be widely shared. As a preparatory step toward the development of concrete new participatory research projects on multiple environmental exposures, the LILAS project aimed to (1) favor the mutual understanding of the main issues and research methods in environmental health and their stakes for different participants, but also the requirements, strengths, and limitations of these methods, and (2) identify the expected benefits and points to watch out for related to stronger civic participation in these projects.

Methods

The LILAS project identified and gathered together institutional researchers, academics and civil society participants (mainly from nongovernmental organizations) interested in multiple exposures (chemical and radiological). The relevant literature was searched to learn from previous participatory research projects in this broad field. Several meetings enabled the group to collectively identify different types of studies and analyze the benefits, limitations and methods related to the introduction of such participation. An analysis matrix was co-constructed and completed by study participants, as in a Living Lab approach.

Results

The matrix lists for different types of studies (assessment of environmental exposures, identification of their determinants, interventions on these exposures, quantitative risk assessment, epidemiological studies, experimental research, ecosystem health, etc.) the expected benefits for several categories of stakeholders, the fundamental principles of research methods, and their related practical constraints, advantages and limitations related to the use of participatory or more standard approaches.

Conclusion

The LILAS project enabled the development of a solid basis for the co-construction of participatory research projects to study multiple environmental exposures.