Analyse de l’article : Antibiotic resistance: moving from individual health norms to social norms in One Health and Global Health.
Hernando-Amado S, Coque TM, Baquero F, Martinez JL. Antibiotic resistance: moving from individual health norms to social norms in One Health and Global Health. Front Microbiol 2020 ; 11. Doi : 10.3389/fmicb.2020.01914.
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria may appear in infected patients treated by antibiotics and in hospitals (medical problem), but are also present in human-connected ecosystems, such as animal husbandry, food, water, and all their interconnected local networks (One Health problem). Moreover, their worldwide dissemination places a heavy public health burden on every human society (Global Health problem). Authors of this article indicate that the control measures required to prevent the selection, transmission, and persistence of antibiotic resistance must be found within an ecological and socioeconomic framework and cannot be limited to regulations to reduce incorrect use of antibiotics. Social norms, which impose individual and collective behaviors favorable to global human health, can positively influence these measures.