John Libbey Eurotext

Epileptic Disorders

The Educational Journal of the

Cryptogenic West syndrome and subsequent mesial temporal lobe epilepsy Volume 14, issue 3, September 2012

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Authors
Department of Neurological Surgery, Department of Child Neurology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Department of Paediatrics, Kawasaki Rinko General Hospital, Kawasaki, Japan
  • Key words: cryptogenic West syndrome, mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, corpora amylacea, ictal intracranial EEG
  • DOI : 10.1684/epd.2012.0518
  • Page(s) : 334-9
  • Published in: 2012

We report on a male patient who experienced a previously unreported sequence of cryptogenic West syndrome in infancy and subsequent mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. His complex partial seizures were consistently characterised by motionless staring with brief right eye blinking. Scalp electroencephalography (EEG) showed bilateral temporal spikes which were dominant on the right side. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed no organic brain lesion. Invasive EEG recording captured seizures with right hippocampal onset. The patient became seizure-free following right temporal lobectomy at 27 years, 8 months of age. Pathological examination of the resected specimen revealed corpora amylacea and gliosis in the temporal cortex but no clear findings of hippocampal sclerosis. It is suggested that an epileptogenic lesion causing MRI-negative mesial temporal lobe epilepsy may give rise to apparent cryptogenic West syndrome in infancy.