Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU de La Timone, 262 rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille, FRANCE
- Page(s) : 10001-4
- Published in: 2004
Detection of metastasis involvement of lymph nodes is essential for management and prognostic evaluation in most cancer cases. The success of lymphatic mapping depends on identifying the sentinel lymph node(s) draining the primary tumour. In this preliminary study we prospectively evaluated the feasibility of sentinel node radio localisation in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma N0 stage to gain insight as to whether the sentinel lymph node (SLN) could be prognostic of regional metastasis disease or not. In 14 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region preoperative lymphoscintigraphy (LSG) mapping of the tumour was performed after subcutaneous injection of 22 to 30 MBq of Tc99m-labelled sulfur colloid. SLN was detected and localised by LSG in all patients with a gamma camera and a hand-held gamma probe. All the patients underwent surgery SLN and cervical nodes dissection. Six SLNs for five patients revealed occult metastasis disease. No skip metastasis were found in the 9 necks with negative SLN analysis. The results of this preliminary study are encouraging. They showed that SLN in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck N0 is accurately feasible and could predict the presence of occult metastasis. Nevertheless, more data are needed to validate these results. Copyright John Libbey Eurotext 2003.