Department of Neurological, Behavioural and Neurosurgical Sciences, Section of Neurological Sciences, Department of Neuroscience, Section of Neurology, Department of Neuroimaging and Neurointervention, University of Siena, Italy
Periodic lateralised epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) are EEG patterns consisting of periodic or pseudoperiodic unilateral, focal or hemispheric epileptiform discharges at a rate of 1-2 Hz. PLEDs may be triggered by acute brain injuries or systemic metabolic changes such as fever, hyperglycaemia or electrolyte imbalance and may result in disturbance of consciousness and/or neurological deficits.
A 58-year-old female with a history of focal epilepsy and deep brain haematoma presented with acute change in awareness,
associated with EEG evidence of PLEDs, three days after a left internal carotid artery stenting procedure. Clinical examination, laboratory testing and MRI were unchanged with respect to pre-stenting investigations.
Conclusion. In this patient, PLEDs may have been triggered by local haemodynamic changes due to reperfusion after stenting in a previously damaged brain area.