John Libbey Eurotext

Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance Volume 24, numéro 3, June 2022

Vidéos

  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance
  • Seizure semiology: ILAE glossary of terms and their significance

Tableaux

Auteurs
1 Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, member of the European Reference Network EpiCare
2 Danish Epilepsy Centre, Dianalund, Denmark, member of the European Reference Network EpiCare
3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus Denmark
4 Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA
5 Departments of Neurology, Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
6 Department of Neurology - Biomagnetism, Epilepsy Center, University Hospital Erlangen, Germany
7 Department of Brain and Nervous System, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, India,
8 Department of Neurology and National Reference Centre for Rare Epilepsies, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France
9 Research Centre for Automatic Control of Nancy (CRAN), Lorraine University, Vandoeuvre, France
10 Neurological Institute, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Centre and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
11 Department of Pediatric Neurology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India
12 Department of Neurology, Epilepsy Clinic, Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogotá University Hospital, Bogota, Colombia
13 EEG and Epilepsy Unit, University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
14 Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
15 Neurology Department, CHU Grenoble Alpes, Univ. Grenoble Alpes and GIN Inserm 1216, 38000 Grenoble, France
* Correspondence:

This educational topical review and Task Force report aims to address learning objectives of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) curriculum. We sought to extract detailed features involving semiology from video recordings and interpret semiological signs and symptoms that reflect the likely localization for focal seizures in patients with epilepsy. This glossary was developed by a working group of the ILAE Commission on Diagnostic Methods incorporating the EEG Task Force. This paper identifies commonly used terms to describe seizure semiology, provides definitions, signs and symptoms, and summarizes their clinical value in localizing and lateralizing focal seizures based on consensus in the published literature. Video-EEG examples are included to illustrate important features of semiology in patients with epilepsy.

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