(1) What is the approximate risk of epileptic spasms in infants and children after severe traumatic brain injury?
(2) True or false: infants and children after severe traumatic brain injury are more likely to develop epileptic spasms if they are male, have suffered skull fracture, or had inflicted head trauma?
(3) When is the peak incidence of epileptic spasms after traumatic brain injury?
A. 1-3 months
B. 4-8 months
C. 1-24 months
D. 2-48 months
(4) True or false: patients who suffer traumatic brain injury at young age, who take two or more AEDs, and have two or more seizure types have a higher risk of developing ES?
(2) False. They are at risk of having epileptic spasms independent of gender, type of injury (NAT vs. AT), or presence/absence of skull fracture.
(3) 2-48 months.
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