John Libbey Eurotext

European Journal of Dermatology

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Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism in vitiligo: protective and predisposing effects of genotypes in disease susceptibility and progression Volume 21, numéro 2, March-April 2011

Auteurs
Osmania University, Dept. of Genetics, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, Hyd -12, India, Shadan Institute for PG studies, Dept. of Genetics, Hyd -04, India

Vitiligo is a depigmenting skin disorder with profound heterogenity in its aetio-pathophysiology, and is associated with inter-individual variation in progression of disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is a regulator of renin angiotensin system (RAS) that plays an important role in the physiology of the vasculature, blood pressure, inflammation, adipocyte distribution of various diseases. The present study was carried out in 243 vitiligo patients (132 males and 111 females), aged between 3-62 years with a mean age at onset of 21.6 ± 13.6 yrs, and in 205 healthy controls of south Indian origin. The main objectives of the present study were to evaluate the ACE I/D (insertion/deletion) polymorphism in the patient and control groups. Further, I/D genotypes were compared among the patients with and without the family history of vitiligo as well as the progression of the disease, through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods.

The results revealed a highly significant association of DD genotype with disease susceptibility (p < 0.01) in patients with a family history of vitiligo (p < 0.05) in terms of early age at onset. Further, the pre-dominance of ID genotype among patients revealed its association with a slow progression of the disease (p < 0.05). The present study is the first report to highlight the protective role of II genotype and the significant association of ID genotype with slow progression of the disease.