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Interleukin-6, interleukin-1 gene cluster and interleukin-1 receptor polymorphisms in Iranian patients with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus Volume 25, numéro 2, June 2014

Tableaux

Auteurs
1 Pediatric Rheumatology Research Group, Rheumatology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Pediatric Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Molecular Immunology Research Center and Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Pediatrics, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
* Correspondence: Nima Rezaei, MD, PhD. Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children's Medical Center Hospital, Dr Qarib St, Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran 14194, Iran.

Background: Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) is a polygenic, autoimmune disorder of unknown origin. As proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the interleukin-1 (IL-1) family, seem to contribute to the pathogenesis of JSLE, this investigation was performed to assess the associations of particular single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-6 and IL-1 genes in a case-control study. Methods: Fifty nine JSLE cases were recruited for this study as the patient group, and were compared against 140 healthy, unrelated, control subjects. Using the polymerase chain reaction with the sequence-specific primer method, genotyping was carried out for the IL-6 gene at positions -174 and nt565, as well as the IL-1α gene at position -889, the IL-1β gene at positions -511 and +3962, the interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) gene at position Pst-I 1970, and the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) gene at position Mspa-I 11100. Results: Results of the analyzed data revealed a remarkable, positive association for the promoter sequence of the IL-1β gene at position -511 for T/T in the patient group compared with healthy controls (P value, 0.03). Furthermore, a significant negative association was found between the T/C genotype at the same position on the IL-1β gene in juvenile SLE (P value, 0.03). Conclusions: cytokine gene polymorphisms might play a role in the pathophysiology of JSLE. Particular IL-1 gene variants could affect individual susceptibility to JSLE.