John Libbey Eurotext

Science et changements planétaires / Sécheresse

Modeling and participatory farmer-led approaches to food security in a changing world: A case study from Malawi Volume 24, issue 4, Octobre-Novembre-Décembre 2013

Bezner Kerr R, Snapp SS, Chirwa M, Shumba L, Msachi R. Participatory research on legume diversification with Malawian smallholder farmers for improved human nutrition and soil fertility. Experimental Agriculture 2007 ; 43 : 437-453.

Bezner Kerr R, Berti PR, Shumba L. Effects of a participatory agriculture and nutrition education project on child growth in northern Malawi. Public Health Nutrition 2011 ; 14 : 1466-1472.

Chambers R. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA): Analysis of experience. World Development 1994 ; 22 : 1253-1268.

Chikowo R, Corbeels M, Tittonell P, Vanlauwe B, Whitbread A, Giller K.E. Aggregating field-scale knowledge into farm-scale models of African smallholder systems: Summary functions to simulate crop production using APSIM. Agricultural Systems 2008 ; 97 : 151-166.

Denning GL, Kabambe P, Sanchez PA, Malik A, Flor R, Harawa R, et al. Input subsidies to improve smallholder maize productivity in Malawi: Towards an African green revolution. PLoS Biology 2009 ; 7 : 2-10.

Food and Agriculture Organization, 2004. Human energy requirements: Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. FAO Food and Nutrition Technical Report Series, 1. Rome (Italy): FAO.

Funk C, Dettinger MD, Michaelsen JC, Verdin JP, Brown ME, Barlow M, et al. Warming of the Indian Ocean threatens eastern and southern African food security but could be mitigated by agricultural development. PNAS 2008 ; 105 : 11081-11086.

Gilbert R.A. Eilitta M, Mureithi J, Derpsch R Best-bet legumes for smallholder maize-based cropping systems of Malawi. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Green manure/cover crop systems of smallholder farmers: experiences from tropical and sub-tropical regions. Dordrecht (The Netherlands) : 2004.

Giller KE, Tittonell P, Rufino MC, Wijk MT, Zingore S, Mapfumo P, et al. Communicating complexity: Integrated assessment of trade-offs concerning soil fertility management within African farming systems to support innovation and development. Agricultural Systems 2011 ; 104 : 191-203.

Hotz C, Gibson R.S. Complementary feeding practices and dietary intakes from complementary foods amongst weanlings in rural Malawi. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001 ; 55 : 841-849.

Mhango W, 2011. Nitrogen budgets in legume based cropping systems in northern Malawi. Ph.D. Thesis. Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States.

Mhango W, Snapp SS, Kanyama-Phiri G.Y. Opportunities and constraints to legume diversification for sustainable cereal production on African smallholder farms in Malawi. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 2013 ; 28 : 234-24410.1017/S1742170512000178.

Morse S, McNamara N. Factors affecting the adoption of leguminous cover crops in Nigeria and a comparison with the adoption of new crop varieties. Experimental Agriculture 2003 ; 39 : 81-97.

Mugwe J, Mugendi D, Mucheru-Muna M, Merckx R, Chianu J, Vanlauwe B. Determinants of the decision to adopt integrated soil fertility management practices by smallholder farmers in the central highlands of Kenya. Experimental Agriculture 2009 ; 45 : 61-75.

Ojiem JO, Bernard V, de Ridder N, Giller K.E. Niche-based assessment of contributions of legumes to the nitrogen economy of Western Kenya smallholder farms. Plant Soil 2007 ; 292 : 119-135.

Ollenburger MH, 2012. Modeling integrated soil fertility management options in Malawi under variable soil and climate conditions. Master of Science Thesis. Plant Soil and Microbial Science Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States.

R Development Core Team, 2011. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna (Austria): R Foundation for Statistical Computing. www.R-project.org/.

Robertson MJ, Sakala WD, Benson T, Shamudzarira Z. Simulating response of maize to previous velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens) crop and nitrogen fertiliser in Malawi. Field Crops Research 2005 ; 91 : 91-105.

Schulten G.G.M. Losses in stored maize in Malawi (c. Africa) and work undertaken to prevent them. EPPO Bulletin 1975 ; 5 : 113-120.

Schulz S, Honlonkou AN, Carsky RJ, Manyong V, Oyewole B.D. Alternatives to mucuna for soil fertility management in southern Benin: Farmer perception and use of traditional and exotic grain legumes. Experimental Agriculture 2003 ; 39 : 267-278.

Shamudzarira Z, Robertson M.J. Simulating response of maize to nitrogen fertilizer in semi-arid Zimbabwe. Experimental Agriculture 2002 ; 38 : 79-96.

Smale M, Heisey P.W. Byerlee D, Eicher CK Maize technology and productivity in Malawi. Lynne Reinner Publishers, Africa's emerging maize revolution. London : 1997.

Smale M, Phiri ADK, 1998. Institutional change and discontinuities in farmers’ use of hybrid maize seed and fertilizer in Malawi: findings from the 1996-97 CIMMYT MoALD survey. CIMMYT Economics Working Paper 98-01. Mexico (D.F): CIMMYT.

Snapp SS, Mafongoya PL, Waddington S. Organic matter technologies for integrated nutrient management in smallholder cropping systems of southern Africa. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 1998 ; 71 : 185-200.

Snapp S, Kanyama-Phiri GY, Kamanga B, Gilbert RA, Wellard K. Farmer and researcher partnerships in Malawi: developing soil fertility technologies for the near-term and far-term. Experimental Agriculture 2002 ; 38 : 411-431.

Snapp SS, Blackie MJ, Donovan C. Realigning research and extension services: experiences from southern Africa. Food Policy 2003 ; 28 : 349-363.

Snapp SS, Jones RB, Minja EM, Rusike J, Silim S.N. Pigeon pea for Africa: A versatile vegetable and more. HortScience 2003 ; 38 : 1073-1078.

Snapp SS, Blackie MJ, Gilbert RA, Bezner-Kerr R, Kanyama-Phiri G.Y. Biodiversity can support a greener revolution in Africa. PNAS 2010 ; 107 : 20840-20845.

Tittonell P, Muriuki A, Shepherd KD, Mugendi D, Kaizzi KC, Okeyo J, et al. The diversity of rural livelihoods and their influence on soil fertility in agricultural systems of East Africa – A typology of smallholder farms. Agricultural Systems 2010 ; 103 : 83-97.

World Health Organization, 2007. Protein and amino acid requirements in human nutrition: Report of a Joint WHO/FAO/UNU expert consultation. WHO Technical Report Series, 935. Geneva: WHO Press.

1 Bezner Kerr et al., unpublished data.

2 Drost, unpublished data.