03 BP 20, Darsalam, Bamako Mali, Institut du Sahel (Insah), BP 1530, Bamako Mali, Centre international de recherche-développement sur l’élevage en zone subhumide (Cirdes), 01 BP 454, Bobo Dioulasso Burkina Faso
- Key words: animal husbandry, milk, pastoralism, agropastoralism, Sahel, animal production, rangelands, drought
- Page(s) : 83-97
- Published in: 2006
With over 63 million cattle, 168 million small stock, 6.2 million camels, 3.5 million asses, and 1.1 million horses, livestock husbandry is the major renewable resource of the African Sahel. It is also involved in the subsistence and the foundations of the societal values of 20 million livestock owners. The first production objective is milk, hence priority is placed on promoting the milk production channels. Production systems may be subdivided into pastoralists, agropastoralists, and sylvopastoralists. These systems underwent profound changes over the last decades due to various events such as the 1970-1980 great drought, the fast growth of human and animal populations and the quick rise of urbanization. These changes have had a tremendous impact on range degradation, the increase of the demand for livestock products, of marketing and on the development of local markets, the moving of pastoralists toward climatically more humid zones, a steady increase in urbanization and structural changes in stock ownership.