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Use of tree fodder resources in livestock rangelands in the Sudanian zone. Ecological or social reasons? Volume 12, issue 3, Septembre 2001

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Authors
Cirad Forêt TA 10/C, Campus international de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex.
  • Page(s) : 141-7
  • Published in: 2001

The relation between pastoralists and trees is a controversial question in subsaharian Africa. This paper analyses the uses of fodder trees along daily itineraries of cattle guarded by two herders in the village land of Kourouma in Burkina Faso. The herders, both Fulani, are representative of two distinguished situations of cattle herding. The first one guards the family herd and the second one, an hired herder, guards cattle belonging to native Sénoufo. Both herders use tree forage during the dry season however tree resources influence the cattle path in both cases in a different way. The first herder chooses the cattle path in function of fodder trees where as the second one takes his herd to cultivated fields in order to feed cattle with crop residues. Recently, the uses of tree fodder are becoming more and more important. This fact can be better explained by increase of the cattle number in the village that induced a stricter resources control, than by a climatic and ecological degradation.