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1 The HOPE seeks to help smallholder farmers
increase the yields of the two dryland cereal crops, sorghum and
millet, in West Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Nigeria),
Eastern Africa (Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda, Kenya, and
Tanzania) and India (Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat, and
Maharashtra).The poor in these target areas are among the most
food-insecure in the world, unable to earn adequate incomes from
agriculture. Lack of adaptive approaches to increasing their
productivity combined with shrinking markets have spelt doom for
dryland farmers, most of who are still in subsistence farming. The
vicious circle of less production and less market demand has led to
poor investment and support to dryland agriculture. ICRISAT,
working with a wide array of partners, is addressing this decline
by stimulating research on sorghum and millet farming, enhancing
technology utilization, linking farmers with markets, and
strengthening the capacity of national and civil society partners
along an inclusive market-oriented development pathway.
2 Tropical Legumes-II is a joint initiative
of three international agricultural research centres, viz.
ICRISAT (chickpea, groundnut and pigeonpea), Internationa Institute
of Tropical Agriculture ([IITA] cowpea & soybean), and
International Center for Tropical Agriculture ([CIAT], common bean)
that aims to increase productivity and production of legumes and
the income of poor farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and South
Asia (SA) by 15%, with improved varieties occupying 30% of the
total area planted by some 57 million poor farmers in the coming 10
years. It is expected that this will result in an additional value
gain of more than US$ 300 million during that period. The project's
strategy is to fast track testing and adoption of existing
varieties and advanced breeding lines for use by famers; generate
new farmer- and market-preferred varieties and hybrids with
desirable traits (high yields, tolerance to moisture stress, and
resistance to pests and diseases); and establish decentralized,
pro-poor seed production and delivery systems.
3 Republic of Niger, Ministry of Agriculture
and Livestock. Directory on the Availability of Improved