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L'Orthodontie Française

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Alveolar bone thickness in A point area : how to avoid periodontal failures in front of upper incisors Volume 87, issue 1, 88e réunion scientifique de la S.F.O.D.F., Marseille, 13–14 mai 2016

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* Auteur pour correspondance : emilie_cassis@hotmail.com

Studies on orthodontic-periodontics relationships are numerous but few have benefited from the contribution of new 3D imaging techniques that emphasize iatrogenic effects that orthodontics may have on the periodontium. Periodontal risk in terms of fenestration, bone dehiscences next maxillary incisors are real during or after orthodontic treatment. The accurate assessment of the initial situation in terms of bone quantity in this dental arch anterior segment is thus very important. Our study aimed to evaluate the reliability of conventional lateral cephalograms to quantify alveolar bone thickness in relation to the maxillary incisors by comparing it with data from CT scans. The second objective was to identify an at risk patient profile by assessing possible correlations between this thickness and dysmorphia components. The results revealed a half of assessment error in the estimation of bone thickness and increased risk in case of hyperdivergence typology, Class III skeletal relationships and dento-alveolar protrusion. Finally, in view of these data, we discussed the clinical procedures to avoid such periodontal failures in this anterior segment of the dental arch.