John Libbey Eurotext

Revue de neuropsychologie


Working memory and phonological deficits in dyslexia Volume 10, issue 4, Octobre-Novembre-Décembre 2018

1 SESSAD Quatre-Vaulx les Mouettes
13 rue du Jeu de Paume
22400 Lamballe, France
2 LP3C, Université Rennes 2
Place Recteur Henri le Moal
35043 Rennes cedex, France
* Correspondance
  • Key words: specific learning disorder, dyslexia, working memory/short-term memory, phonology
  • DOI : 10.1684/nrp.2018.0474
  • Page(s) : 269-78
  • Published in: 2018

This paper provides a review on the phonological deficits and their relationships with working and short-term memory in developmental dyslexia. The phonological theory states that developmental dyslexia follows from a dysfunction at the level of phonological representations. However, people suffering from dyslexia show more severe deficits in the phonological processes that involve other cognitive abilities such as working and short-term memory. While difficulties at the level of the phonological loop were emphasized by reference to the first models of short-term memory, the studies that rely on more recent theoretical models are more prone to evoke serial deficits in working and short-term memory. The overall results invite to reconsider, both at the theoretical and clinical application levels, the relationship between working and short-term memory in developmental dyslexia.