Department of Biochemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India 160014
- Key words: magnesium, diabetes mellitus, antioxidants, oxidative stress
- Page(s) : 13-9
- Published in: 2003
Magnesium deficit and oxidative stress are common features of the diabetic state. This concept supported by another observation that magnesium deficiency is also a state of increased oxidative stress prompted us to study the effect of magnesium supplementation on magnesium status and oxidative stress in diabetic rats. For this purpose, male Wistar rats were made diabetic with a single intraperitoneal injection of Alloxan. Experimental diabetes caused a significant decrease in serum and red blood cell magnesium levels and increased urinary excretion of magnesium. Marked increase in plasma malondialdehyde and corresponding decrease in vitamins C & E, uric acid and total thiols was observed in the diabetic rats as compared to control group. In liver, MDA levels were increased significantly with concomitant decrease in vitamin C, non‐protein thiols and antioxidant enzymes (SOD & GST). Magnesium supplementation for four weeks restored serum and RBC magnesium levels to near normal levels with marginal but significant decrease in blood glucose levels. Plasma and liver MDA levels were reduced significantly and vitamin C and total thiols were increased significantly with magnesium supplementation. Antioxidant enzyme activity was also increased significantly with magnesium supplementation in diabetic rats. Our data clearly demonstrates that alloxanic diabetes is associated with decreased magnesium status and increased oxidative stress and that magnesium supplementation can in part restore the antioxidant parameters and decrease the oxidative stress in experimental diabetic rats.