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The arts and emotion, alexithymia and the relationship of absence Volume 96, issue 2, Février 2020

Author
Professeur de psychiatrie infantojuvénile Paris V-René Descartes,
Chef de service du département de psychiatrie de l’adolescent et du jeune adulte
Institut Mutualiste Montsouris
42 boulevard Jourdan
75014 Paris, France
* Correspondance

Traumatic experiences during childhood (deprivations, effractions, abuse)—along with the threat of depression they cause through being recurrently relived by certain borderline subjects—undermine the coherence of these subjects’ sense of identity during their adolescence, as well as weakening the chances of narrativization and historicization when they are adults (denial, repression, control issues).

Gloomy, eventless childhoods, or chaotic, eventful childhoods lead subjects to produce substantiating or de-realizing fictions. Traumatized borderline adolescents carry the mirror of their fictions with them throughout their lives. A significant number of them develop creative abilities at the root of their identity-related tension, in response and through treatment. These abilities are a reflection of the absence within their developmental environment.