John Libbey Eurotext

Environnement, Risques & Santé


For urban forms as a factor of well-being: viewshed analysis and objectification of sensory perception Volume 14, issue 4, Juillet-Août 2015


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Laboratoire CRENAU
Ambiances architecturales et urbaines
École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Nantes
6, quai François Mitterrand
BP 16202
F-44262 Nantes cedex 2
* Tirés à part

Several studies intended to explore the correlation between urban planning and health have sought to assess the impact of this planning or of physically perceptible environmental conditions in terms of the stress of individuals placed in these situations. The method we propose is related to moods or atmospheres to the extent that it combines a situation, a set of forms, and a subject. It seeks to express the potential attractiveness of urban spaces and some spatial preferences. It differs from previous work related to urban stressors in that it addresses the interrelation between subject and surroundings from the perspective of attunement. Models and simulations presented in this article aim to produce an objective assessment of the sensory perception of places through the systematic analysis of viewsheds. This objectivation helps to introduce the principles of spatial connivance and spatial serendipity, which (combined with some qualitative observations) make it possible to explain some phenomena of attachment to places.