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Management of industrial risks: legislative developments and local adaptations in Dunkirk Volume 16, issue 3, May-June 2017

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Authors
1 Maître de conférences en aménagement à l’Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale (ULCO)
Laboratoire territoires villes environnement société (TVES) – EA 4477
21, quai de la citadelle
BP 5528
59383 Dunkerque cedex
France
2 Maître de conférences en géographie à l’ULCO
TVES – EA 4477
3 Professeur des universités en sociologie à l’ULCO
TVES – EA 4477
4 Maître de conférences en géographie à l’ULCO
TVES – EA 4477
* Tirés à part

In France, the law on risk prevention now requires Technological Risks Prevention Plans (PPRT), a new and compulsory step in the technological risk management process. These plans must be developed through dialogue with the local actors, members of the Local Information Committee (now called Site Supervision Committee (CSS)), made up of representatives of local industrialists, administrations, employees and residents. We studied the gradual implementation of the PPRT in the industrial port of Dunkirk to understand to what extent informal negotiations supersede or replace the official consultation. Because of various difficulties in implementing the PPRT, due to the general methodology and to financial and economic constraints, the stakeholders often make some local adjustments and prefer informal negotiations, operating behind the scenes. Such informality is easier when people know each other and can supersede the formal negotiations when drafting the PPRT. These practices may solve some of the problems, but they nevertheless undermine the very foundations of the debate.