John Libbey Eurotext

Annales de Biologie Clinique

Preanalytical influence of pneumatic tube delivery system on results of routine biochemistry and haematology analysis Ahead of print

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Authors
1 Service de biochimie générale,
2 Service d’hématologie générale, Hôpital universitaire Necker-Enfants malades, AP-HP, Paris, France
* Tirés à part

Pneumatic tube delivery system (PTS) enables to reduce considerably turnaround times. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of the PTS on the quality of routine biochemical and hematological tests in our laboratory. Blood samples from 6 hospitalized patients and 8 healthy volunteers were analyzed. Blood samples were delivered to the laboratory by a PTS and by a human courier. We performed the following analysis: ionized calcium, sodium, potassium, lactate deshydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT), arterial blood gas, complete blood count and coagulation test as prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, factors V and VIII. Results were compared between the both method of transport according to the recommendation of the Société française de biologie clinique and the French committee for accreditation (SH-GTA01, norme NF ISO 5275-6). The hemolysis index of plasma was similar between the groups and no morphological differences were found on blood cells. For three samples, when delivered by PTS, LDH levels (two samples) and neutrophil polynuclear count (one sample) were above the recommended guidelines compared to those delivered by courier. Conversely, LDH levels and FVIII were below in two samples delivered by PTS. LDH levels, PNN count or factor VIII can be affected by PTS without the clinical interpretation being modified. We concluded that the PTS can be used to transport blood samples for routine biochemical and hematological analysis in our hospital.